How can I tell if I have a herniated disc?


Nowadays, lumbar disc herniation has become a common disease that is prone to occur in sports players and office white-collar workers. Some are caused by sedentary occupational reasons, some are caused by accidental injuries during exercise, and some are caused by obesity causing soft tissue overload. Clinical The incidence of low back pain in patients with upper lumbar disc herniation is as high as 90%.

So how do you judge whether you have a lumbar disc herniation?

After various degrees of degenerative changes in various parts of the lumbar disc, under the action of age, strain or external force, the annulus fibrosus of the lumbar disc ruptures, causing the adjacent tissues to be chemically stimulated or physically oppressed, which occurs [111111111 ] Low back pain, lower extremity pain or numbness, intermittent claudication and other symptoms.

Among them, a more obvious feature of lumbar disc herniation is that the body shape will change. If the symptoms are relatively mild, the patient's walking posture will be quite restrained, the body leans forward, and it is difficult to walk . Or when walking, you need to support the waist with both hands, the trunk is leaned forward, and the buttocks are raised .

Sometimes patients will confuse buttocks and lumbar disc herniation. Generally speaking, buttocks are not accompanied by low back pain, lower extremity weakness and other uncomfortable symptoms.

In addition, the typical symptoms of lumbar disc herniation include:

1. Low back pain. Clinically, the incidence of low back pain in patients with lumbar disc herniation is as high as 90% , and the pain is mainly concentrated in the lower waist or lumbosacral region, which is mainly manifested as chronic dull pain . It is caused by the stimulation of the outer layer of the annulus fibrosus and the posterior longitudinal ligament by the nucleus pulposus.

2. Sciatica. According to different personal conditions, the types of pain are divided into numbness, burning pain, and acupuncture pain. The pain is concentrated on one side, and the pain is radiating from the bottom to the top, and it is aggravated when coughing and sneezing.

3. Intermittent lameness. Lower extremity muscle strength is weakened, or even muscle atrophy, lower extremity pain or numbness, waist and leg pain when walking, and leg pain in different parts of the protruding lumbar disc. The discomfort disappears when lying down.

I have lumbar disc herniation, how to relieve it?

The harm of lumbar disc herniation is very serious, which will have a certain impact on physiology and psychology, and even affect the ability to move seriously, causing a series of complications.

Therefore, we must pay attention to lumbar disc herniation and relieve it in time to avoid serious consequences.

In daily life, symptoms can be alleviated by the following methods.

Lie flat and keep your waist straight. Lie flat on the bed, use the flexion of your legs as a fulcrum, use your head and hands together, slowly lift your waist up, keep this position for ten seconds, then slowly lower your waist, repeat for a few times Second-rate.

Supine position with straight leg raise. Lie on your back on a flat floor or bed, relax your lower back, slowly tighten your abdominal muscles and lift one lower limb by about 20 cm, maintain this action for 5 seconds, and then slowly lower your lower limb.

prone spine extension. Lie prone on a flat floor, lift your upper body with your elbows supported, and stretch your torso forward to the maximum extent. After holding for 5 seconds, return to the prone position. Repeat this action for about 10 times.

Exercise the lower back muscles. Lie prone on the hard board bed, hold your chest up, straighten your arms and legs, and lift back with force, then slowly relax and fall.

After suffering from lumbar disc herniation, you should pay more attention to the sheep to develop a good sitting posture, avoid sitting at the desk for a long time, or sleep on a soft bed. At the same time, pay attention to moderate exercise, and try to perform some simple spinal stretching and core muscle group activation training.

If you find that you often have low back pain, leg pain, and weakness in your limbs, you should pay attention to whether it is a herniated lumbar disc and treat it in time!