What are the effects of pregnancy stress?
Do expectant mothers feel uncomfortable in their bodies after pregnancy? Psychologically too much pressure? Stress is very common, but if the pressure cannot be released well, it will be harmful to the development of the pregnant woman and the fetus. So, let's take a look at the effects of excessive stress on pregnant women?
1. Influence 1: Excessive stress in pregnant women can easily lead to miscarriage
During pregnancy, if the pregnant woman is under too much stress, it will lead to loss of appetite, and insufficient nutrition will affect the fetal development, affect the weight of the fetus, cause the baby to be underweight, and seriously lead to premature birth or miscarriage. It also causes a natural rise in cortisol, a hormone that helps your baby adjust to life outside. Therefore, maintaining a good mood and eating habits is essential for pregnant women to help prevent miscarriage.
2. Excessive stress in pregnant women may lead to birth defects of the fetus
Poor mood during pregnancy may also affect the congenital development of the fetus. Among them, the prevalence of congenital heart, hearing problems, and Down syndrome children will be much higher than other children. Especially pregnant women who experience a big accident during pregnancy. Such as the death of a parent, a heart attack, etc. Because changes in pregnant women’s emotions will cause changes in endocrine and blood components, which will affect the growth and development of the fetus, and may lead to premature birth or death of the baby in severe cases. Especially in the early pregnancy period, the fetus and baby are still unstable. At this time, the emotional instability of the pregnant mother may affect the development of the embryo's jaw and organs, which may cause fetal tachycardia and placental abruption.
3. Mental stress of pregnant women affects fetal growth
Excessive stress in pregnant women can also affect the growth of the fetus, which may cause the fetus to have a fast or slow heartbeat and abnormal fetal movement. Excessive mood swings during the third trimester can also easily lead to fetal asphyxia. In general, stressed women have babies with significantly lower weights than babies born to lighter mothers. If the child is underweight and needs to be put in the incubator for a few days, this is very troublesome.
4. Excessive stress of pregnant women will affect the immunity of children
If the pregnant woman is too stressed, it will also lead to a decline in immunity, including the immunity of the pregnant woman herself and the child after birth. Decreased immunity can cause infection during pregnancy and affect the absorption of nutrients by pregnant women. Some pregnant women will also take drugs or smoke and drink due to excessive stress, which are all unfavorable to the extremely developmental stage of the fetus. Intrauterine infection may cause abnormal development of some organs in the child, congenital malformations, intrauterine growth retardation, low birth weight, and at the same time, the child may also have a bad personality after birth, be difficult to coax, have difficulty feeding, suffer from loneliness and autism, and more. Behavioral problems such as movement, tics, anxiety and depression also increase.
5. The stress conference of pregnant women affects blood pressure
Excessive maternal stress during pregnancy can also lead to elevated blood pressure, which increases the risk of gestational hypertension. Attention should be paid to timely monitoring of blood pressure changes. High blood pressure should not be underestimated. It is very likely to cause other complications such as heart, kidney and liver damage, which is undoubtedly a hazard to mother and fetus. Mothers may even experience depression, excessive stress and anxiety. In fact, childbirth is a natural process. Pregnant women should be careful not to impose too much on themselves and should reduce the burden appropriately. Psychological counseling can be done if necessary.