How to treat feline distemper?


Feline distemper virus has an incubation period, and the incubation period of feline distemper virus is 2-9 days. In addition to infecting domestic cats, feline distemper virus can also infect other cats of the bear family, ferrets and raccoons. Cats of all ages can be infected with feline distemper. In most cases, cats under 1 year old are susceptible to feline distemper, the infection rate can reach 70%, and the mortality rate is 50% to 60%. The mortality rate of kittens under 5 months can reach 80% to 90%.

The incidence of feline distemper gradually decreases with age, and cats that are housed in groups may have an outbreak of cat distemper throughout the litter. Feline plague can occur all year round, especially in winter and spring. Cats with feline distemper can excrete a large amount of virus from feces, urine, vomit and various secretions, and feline distemper virus can survive in the environment for a long time. The long-term detoxification of recovered cats can last for more than 1 year. Cats in the infected period can also transmit feline plague virus through blood-sucking insects such as fleas, lice, and flies.

Feline Distemper Specific Therapy:

Use feline distemper hyperimmune serum or feline distemper inhibitory protein body intramuscular or subcutaneous injection, 2 ml per kilogram of body weight, usually once every other day, if it is very serious, it can be once a day, up to 3 times in a row. Use feline recombinant interferon at 300,000 to 500,000 units per kg body weight.

Symptomatic treatment of feline distemper

1. Antiemetic: Avoid fasting when vomiting. Metoprolol injection is 0.15-0.25 ml per kilogram of body weight, twice a day, intramuscularly or subcutaneously.

2. Anti-inflammatory: 10,000 units of gentamicin per kilogram of body weight or 5-100,000 units of kanamycin per kilogram of body weight, twice a day, intramuscularly or subcutaneously.

3. Antipyretic: Bupleurum injection 0.3 ml per kilogram of body weight, twice a day.

4. Hemostasis: Vitamin K3 injection is 0.3 ml per kilogram of body weight, twice a day, intramuscularly.

5. Rehydration: When dehydration or vomiting occurs, inject 5-10 ml of 25% glucose, 5 ml of 5% sodium bicarbonate, and 30-50 ml of compound normal saline.

6. Diet therapy: It is recommended to feed a small amount of easily digestible, low-fiber, and low-fat food 3 to 6 times a day.

Prescription foods for acute gastroenteritis are also available. Gradually increase the amount of food over several days to meet the animal's needs.

Attention should be paid to the treatment of cat plague:

1. Be sure to keep warm.

2. If there are other cats in the house, please isolate the sick cat and pay attention to environmental hygiene and disinfection.

3. Feline distemper hyperimmune serum is very important. It is actually an antibody to feline distemper virus. In treatment, this is the only one that specifically targets the virus. But be careful not to inject more than three days in a row, too much will have side effects. If the local medical conditions do not have superimmune serum, you can find an adult healthy cat that has been vaccinated, extract the blood of the healthy cat, and use the separation method to extract the serum of the sick cat.

4. Rehydration balance and prevention of acidosis. Infusion is the best treatment. If fluids cannot be given to the cat, a mixture of 10% dextrose injection and normal saline can be regularly fed to help it replenish energy and moisture. It would be even better if Liquid Electrolyzed Multivitamins could be purchased for pets.

5. Use antibiotics to prevent secondary infections. The commonly used antibiotic is gentamicin, 20,000 units are fed at a time twice a day.

6. Antiemetics, metoclopramide injection is a good antiemetic and is very important in the treatment process. It can be injected or taken by mouth.

7. Regulate digestive function. A large number of antibiotics are used in the treatment process, which leads to the disturbance of the beneficial flora in the intestinal digestive tract of cats. Need to take large doses of drugs or supplements that regulate the health of the beneficial intestinal flora