5 Things That Affect Men's Sperm Quality


The 30-year-old Mr. Li is a salesperson of a well-known company. He has been married to his wife for more than a year. Recently, he has a need for childbirth. The couple went to the hospital for examination.
A week later, the couple went to the hospital to get the test results. The wife's health was normal, but Mr. Li was told that the sperm count was low and the vitality was low, and he was suffering from infertility.
Mr. Li, who was in his prime, was shocked when he received the test results. In order to maintain his health, he usually focused on exercise and rarely touched alcohol and tobacco. Why did he suffer from infertility?
After consulting with Mr. Li, the doctor found that Mr. Li likes to soak in hot springs very much. He has to go to hot springs with clients once a week, and a soak is 2 or 3 hours. It was this hobby that pushed Mr. Li to the brink of infertility.
The male scrotum is very sensitive to temperature. Once the temperature exceeds 37°C, it will affect the maturation of sperm and the secretion of male hormones. The temperature of hot springs is often too high. If men soak for too long, sperm motility will be reduced, and they will even be "heated to death" by a large amount, which will affect health and easily lead to infertility.
Mr. Li's case is just a microcosm of many infertile men. According to data from the World Health Organization, in the past 30 to 40 years, the sperm density of Chinese men has dropped from an average of 100 million/ml to 20 million/ml to 40 million /ml, only about 1/4 of the previous one.
5 behaviors that will affect men's sperm health
The first is that likes to smoke . A Hungarian medical doctor claims that the semen of smoking men contains less sperm and more abnormal sperm than non-smoking men. For adult men who smoke 30 cigarettes a day, the sperm survival rate is only 40%, and the sperm deformity rate increases. It can be seen that long-term heavy smoking is one of the important factors of male infertility.
In addition, loves coffee too much is also an act of "hurting essence". A 2017 study in the Journal of Nutrition showed that men who drank more than 4 cups of coffee a day had higher rates of abnormal sperm than men who consumed moderate or no caffeine at all. This analysis concluded that caffeine intake had a negative effect on male fertility.
Men wearing tight underwear will cause the scrotum to be squeezed, Difficulty regulating temperature on its own, which affects sperm health. A 2017 study showed that men who usually like to wear tight underwear are more likely to wear tight underwear than men who do not like to wear tight underwear. It had lower levels of forward motile sperm.
High BMI in men can also affect fertility. BMI is a commonly used indicator to reflect the degree of obesity. It has been uniformly recognized at home and abroad that obesity causes male fertility decline. Obese people have an increased metabolic rate, increased reactive oxygen species production, and oxidative stress can reduce sperm production. In addition, obesity, In particular, factors such as erectile dysfunction and abnormal ejaculated semen that are often accompanied by severe obesity may be one of the reasons for the decrease in the volume of ejaculated semen.
Male work pressure is too high. Studies have shown that in recent years, male psychological stress has a greater impact on semen quality. Men with abnormal semen quality experience greater psychological stress in terms of social stress, marital relationship, sexual stress, and parental roles. And these psychological pressures will affect health, affecting the neuroendocrine system of the male body, causing endocrine disorders and other health problems.
Whether the quality of sperm is qualified, there are 3 health standards
The first is semen volume. The volume of male semen is a basic indicator for judging whether the sperm is healthy. The normal volume of semen is about 2-6 ml.
Followed by sperm color. Healthy sperm color in men should be milky or off-white. If the semen is brown or bloody, it may be related to urinary tract inflammation, reproductive tract injury and other diseases, such as prostatitis. If the semen is transparent and thin, it indicates that the sperm density is low.
The last is the smell of . Men's healthy semen should have a special faint fishy smell , which is caused by the oxidation of polyamines in prostatic fluid. If there are other smells in semen, it must be Increase attention and consider whether there is an infection.
In short, men of childbearing age must "recharge their energy" if they want to give birth to a healthy baby.
If you want to improve sperm quality and want to be a father, please keep in mind:
1. Supplement "raw material"
In recent years, the impact of nutrients on men's health has attracted much attention. For men suffering from infertility and other medical diseases, reasonable supplementation of nutrients is even more important.
The production and development of healthy sperm requires adequate intake of protein, vitamins and trace elements, especially the protein known as the "building material" of the human body. High-quality protein is the main raw material for the formation of healthy semen. Men can eat more protein-rich foods such as lean meat, chicken and duck, eggs, fish and shrimp, and soy products.
Vitamins play a very important role in the reproductive and endocrine function of mammals. Especially vitamin A, vitamin B9, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, etc., have a positive effect on improving sperm motility and morphology, and assisting in the treatment of male infertility.
——trace elements
The reproductive endocrine function of healthy men requires the participation of various mineral elements such as zinc, copper, manganese, iron, potassium, and sodium. The changes of mineral trace elements in semen will directly affect the secretion of sex hormones, the production and metabolism of sperm cells. Changes in the content of some minerals and trace elements in the body, It can directly lead to the decline of semen quality, which can lead to male infertility. Therefore, supplementing trace elements is very important for men's health.
2. Quit smoking and drinking
Smoking has always been the enemy of men's health, and smokers have lower sperm density, motility and normal morphology rates compared with non-smokers. And alcohol does the same for men. Studies have found that men with chronic alcoholism will experience testicular atrophy, resulting in decreased semen quality and chromosomal abnormalities in sperm, which in turn affects male reproductive health.
3. Strengthen physical exercise
Compared with normal-sized men, obese men secrete strong estrogen, which will hinder the production of sperm and affect sperm quality such as sperm motility and deformity rate. Therefore, obese men should exercise more and keep their weight within the normal range. Exercise should not be strenuous, and should be fully relaxed after exercise, otherwise metabolites such as lactic acid produced in the body after exercise may enter the testis with the blood and affect sperm quality.
At present, the full implementation of the national three-child policy has made men pay more and more attention to the health of their reproductive systems. In order to achieve the purpose of prenatal and postnatal care, in addition to enhancing the awareness of reproductive health, men should also establish a correct concept of medical treatment, and go to the regular hospital for treatment in time when there is a problem with the reproductive system. Pay special attention, the small advertisements on the street are not credible!