7 Types of Depression
With the accelerated pace of modern life, people are facing various pressures in work, study and life. Some people suffer from depression unknowingly, and there are not a few people. Depression is as common as the flu is all around us. According to estimates by the World Health Organization, more than 300 million people worldwide suffer from depression, which is equivalent to 1 in 25 people suffering from depression. Many people don't know much about depression, thinking that "unhappy" is depression. In fact, depression is not an ordinary mood swing, but a serious mental illness state. What exactly is depression? What are the types of depression? Do you really understand?
In medical terms, depression is a mood disorder. It can lead to a series of feelings of loss or sadness that make you less interested in things you were interested in before. Depression can affect your mood, thinking and behavior, as well as your ability to go about your daily life. This article summarizes 7 types of depression.
1. Unipolar depression
This type is also known as major depressive disorder, clinical depression. Patients with this type experience a lot of anger and sadness on a daily basis, with a marked sense of depression. The main symptoms are: negative emotions, obvious depression, loss, and even self-blame, these negative emotions can last for weeks or even months.
2. Bipolar depression
Patients with this type experience two periods, depressive and manic. During the onset phase, the main symptoms of the patient are similar to those of unipolar depression; while during the manic phase, the depressed patient will experience agitation, skipping thoughts, reduced sleep needs, and agitation. No matter what they do, they are very impulsive, and their energy has increased significantly, which is very inconsistent with their usual image.
3. Psychotic depression
The symptoms of this type of patient are very dangerous, the patient must be admitted to the hospital for treatment, and the doctor will take some antipsychotic drugs. During this period, patients may experience symptoms such as insomnia and dreaminess, cognitive impairment, anxiety, restlessness, and decreased mobility. even hallucinations.
4. Reactive depression
This type of patient is mainly caused by pessimism caused by some social stimulus, such as the death of family members or relatives, divorce, unemployment, or other major events in life. The symptoms of such patients usually appear emotionally sad and depressed. In severe cases, insomnia or self-harm may even occur.
5. Secondary depression
Symptoms in this type of patient may appear after diagnosis. For example, Parkinson's, AIDS, stroke, etc., there may also be manifestations of schizophrenia, overeating or anorexia.
6. Postpartum depression
This type of patient usually occurs within 6 weeks after the woman gives birth. Most of them can recover on their own within 3-6 months, but severe cases can last for 1-2 years. The main symptoms of such patients are large mood swings, lack of energy, difficulty falling asleep, inability to concentrate, feeling incompetent, and even reluctance to feed or even harm the baby.
7. Menopause depression
This type of patient mainly occurs in people aged 55-60 years. The incidence in female patients is 5-10 years earlier than in male patients. The main symptoms of such people are usually no interest in daily activities, pessimism and disappointment, low mood, fatigue, insomnia, anorexia, etc.